No paper copies of manuscripts will be accepted. All communication will be done electronically. To ensure that the final, published version matches the electronic file, make sure that you use only the Times New Roman font. The use of nonstandard fonts may lead to missing symbols. The font size should be no smaller than 7 point and no larger than 14 point.
All contributions are evaluated according to the criteria of originality and quality of the scientific content. The manuscript needs to be prepared strictly according to the guidelines provided in the Journal and it should be submitted via online submission system. All submissions should carry a covering letter, which must state that the present article has neither been published nor under consideration for publication in any other journal. Each new submission is assigned to a primary editor, who reads the paper, consults with other editors, and decides whether it should be sent for peer review. The Editor-in-chief can reject if the submitted article is not of sufficient interest and lacking novelty. In addition, articles will be immediately rejected if the manuscript is lacking in creativity, containing significant scientific or technical flaws, or deficient in considerable message. Once a manuscript is accepted for peer review, the corresponding authors will receive a conformation e-mail with a reference number assigned to the paper, which he/she is asked to quote all subsequent correspondence.
The journal ascertains that research studies conducted must be abide by ethical as well as human and animal rights policies provided by the responsible committee of the institution and in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki (as revised in Edinburgh 2000),available at Ethical Consideration http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html.
Copyright of published material belongs to the journal
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.
Editor-In-Chief: Prof (Mrs) H.A Oboh
Managing Editor : Prof M.AEmokpae
Associate Editors: Dr. F.OAkinbo
Prof (Mrs) H.A Oboh
Prof L.F.O Obika
Prof (Mrs) A.D.AIghoroje
International Editorial Consultants:
Prof A.OOkorodudu (USA)
Prof E.B John (USA)
Dra. Carmen Cuadrado (SPAIN)
Prof (Mrs). M.IEbomoyi
Prof O.I Ajayi
Prof Rev Oronsaye
Prof (Mrs) E.OOsime
Dr (Mrs) H.OOgefere
Dr O.K Uche
Dr F.U Okafor
Publication ethics and publication malpractice statement
Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Sciences (JBAMS) follow the COPE Best Practice guidelines This is based on the guidelines and standards developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
DUTIES OF EDITORS
Decision on the Publication of Articles
The Editor-in-chief (EIC) of Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Sciences is responsible to make the decision regarding publication of submitted articles. The EIC may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and subjected to such legal requirements. The Editor is authorized to carry out the decision in consultation with reviewers and editorial board members.
Fairness: The manuscripts will be evaluated solely on their intellectual merit without
regard to authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship,
or political philosophy.
Confidentiality: The Editor and editorial staff must not disclose any information about a manuscript which is submitted to the journal to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate. The editor must ensure the integrity of double-blind peer-review and should not disclose the identity of the reviewers to the authors of that manuscript, and vice versa.
Disclosure and conflicts of interest: Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used by editor or reviewer or anyone else who has a view of the manuscript, while handling it in his or her own research without the express written consent of the author.
DUTIES OF REVIEWERS
Contribution of Peer Review: Peer review assists the Managing Editor in making editorial decisions and communications which helps the author to improve the paper.
Timeliness: If a nominated reviewer feels unqualified to review an article he/she should notify the Editor-in-Chief and should not take part in review process. Reviewers will be expected to be professional, honest, courteous, prompt, and constructive, their judgment should be objective.
Confidentiality: Manuscripts assigned to a reviewer must be treated as confidential documents. The manuscript(s) must not be shown to, or discussed with, others except as authorized by the Editor in Chief. Information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage
Standards of Objectivity: Reviews should be conducted objectively. There shall be no personal criticism of the author. Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
Reviewers should mark the uncited work that is published previously. Authors are expected to provide the proper citation for each statement that is quoted from a previously published work. A reviewer should inform the EIC for any substantial similarity between the manuscript assigned him for review and the other previously published paper of which they have personal knowledge or they have found the similarity during the review process.
Conflict of Interest: Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.
DUTIES OF AUTHORS
Reporting standards: Authors of the original research article must present the accurate data of work performed during their research. Authors are also expected to discuss the objective of their work and the significance of their results. An article should contain the sufficient information and references to ensure the reproducibility of the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements are considered as unethical behavior and are unacceptable.
Data Access and Retention: Authors may be asked to provide the raw/supplementary data for a paper that is under editorial review. The authors should be prepared to provide the public access to these data (if practicable) and to retain such data for a reasonable time after the publication.
Originality and Plagiarism: Authors should ensure the originality of their contents, while preparing a manuscript draft. In case the authors have used the work and/or words of others this must be appropriately cited or quoted. Articles submitted to JBAMS may be screened for plagiarism using plagiarism detection software. In case, plagiarism is detected during review/editorial process, such manuscript(s) will be rejected immediately. If the plagiarism is proven after publication, such manuscript(s) will be retracted from the journal and appropriate announcement will be placed in this regards.
COPE flow charts will also be considered while dealing with plagiarism complaints.
Duplicate or redundant submission is the same manuscript (or the same data) that is submitted to different journals at the same time. International copyright laws, ethical conduct, and cost effective use of resources require that readers can be assured that what they are reading is original. An author should not publish manuscripts that describe the same concept or present the similar data, in more than one journal. Submitting the same manuscript to multiple journals constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable and all such articles will be rejected immediately. In case the editor was not aware of the violation and the article has been published, a notice of duplicate submission and the ethical violation will be published.
Acknowledgement of Sources
Authors should provide the proper acknowledgment for the work of others. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.
Fundamental errors in published works: When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, he should promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.
DUTIES OF THE PUBLISHER
The publisher is supposed to protect the intellectual property and copyright of the contents submitted by the authors. TO respect the privacy and personal data, especially for authors and peer reviewers. The publisher works in close co-operation with the editors and peer reviewers in to maintain the editorial independence, and to guarantee transparency and integrity in peer-review process.
In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism the publisher, in close collaboration with the editors, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation and to amend the article in question.
PUBLISHING ETHICS ISSUES
Monitoring: The EIC must ensure to establish the mechanism for monitoring and safeguarding of publishing ethics. All the complaint received from the reviewers or the authors or anybody else should be taken into the proper consideration and an appropriate action should be taken promptly for such complaints.
Retraction & Corrections: The published articles will be retracted if there is clear evidence that the findings are unreliable. The retraction can be a result of scientific misconduct or honest error. To maintain the integrity of the scientific record, the retracted article will not be removed from the journal's website, however a notice of retraction will be posted and is made freely available to all readers. Retraction can be published by the authors or the editor or the publisher. In rare cases involving legal infringement, the Publisher may remove an article. Bibliographic information about the article will be retained to ensure the integrity of the scientific record. We follow the COPE guidelines in such case. Sometimes it may be necessary to publish corrections/erratum in an article published in the Journal to maintain the integrity of the academic record. An appropriate notice regarding the correction will be placed and made freely available to the readers. We are always willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.
Article withdrawal: We expect our authors to comply with best practice in publication ethics as well as in quality of their articles. To avoid withdrawal of articles we sincerely request the corresponding author to undertake the issues related to authorship, publication ethics and accurateness of data and results at the time of submission of manuscript.
If an article found to violate the ethical publishing guidelines of the journal such as duplicate submission, fraudulent data, plagiarism, false claim of authorship etc. the article will be withdrawn by the journal. In case the article is under ‘Online first’ stage the journal will remove the article from website and an appropriate note for article withdrawal will be posted.
No response from the authors to journal communication after review and provisional acceptance is also considered as withdrawal of article.
Conflicts of interest
Authors must declare all sources of support for the research and any association with a product or subject that may constitute conflict of interest.
Consent for publication
If your manuscript contains any individual person’s data in any form (including individual details, images or videos), consent for publication must be obtained from that person, or in the case of children, their parent or legal guardian. All presentations of case reports must have consent for publication.
You can use your institutional consent form if you prefer. You should not send the form to us on submission, but we may request to see a copy at any stage (including after publication).
Availability of data and materials
All manuscripts must include an ‘Availability of data and materials’ statement. Data availability statements should include information on where data supporting the results reported in the article can be found including, where applicable, hyperlinks to publicly archived datasets analysed or generated during the study. By data we mean the minimal dataset that would be necessary to interpret, replicate and build upon the findings reported in the article. We recognise it is not always possible to share research data publicly, for instance when individual privacy could be compromised, and in such instances data availability should still be stated in the manuscript along with any conditions for access.
Article processing charge (APC)
Manuscript submitted to The journal of Basic and Applied Medical Sciences will be charged N30,000 Naira as article processing charge, if accepted for publication. It may vary based on the extensive editing, colored effects, complex equations, extra elongation of number of pages of the article, etc.
JBAMS will be archived on the journal websites as well as a back-up kept in the editorial office computer to ensure its availability. The journal provides immediate free access to the full text of articles in PDF format to authors through the corresponding authors email. Printed complimentary copy will be made available to corresponding authors but they will pay for postage services to their location on demand.